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中华人民共和国食品卫生法(中英对照)           ★★★

中华人民共和国食品卫生法(中英对照)

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中华人民共和国食品卫生法

Food Hygiene Law of the People's Republic of China

    第一条 为保证食品卫生,防止食品污染和有害因素对人体的危害,保障人民身体健康,增强人民体制,制定本法。

Article 1 This Law is enacted for the purpose of ensuring food hygiene, preventing food contamination and harmful substances from injuring human health, safeguarding the health of the people and improving their physical fitness.

    第二条 国家实行食品卫生监督制度。

Article 2 The State institutes a system of food hygiene supervision.

    第三条 国务院卫生行政部门主管全国食品卫生监督管理工作。

Article 3 The administrative department of public health under the State Council shall be in charge of supervision and control of food hygiene throughout the country.

    国务院有关部门在各自的职责范围内负责食品卫生管理工作。

Other relevant departments under the State Council shall, within the scope of their respective functions and duties, be responsible for control of food hygiene.

    第四条 凡在中华人民共和国领域内从事食品生产经营的,都必须遵守本法。

Article 4 Whoever engages in food production or marketing within the territory of the People's Republic of China must observe this Law.

    本法适用于一切食品,食品添加剂,食品容器、包装材料和食品用工具、设备、洗涤剂、消毒剂;也适用于食品的生产经营场所,设施和有关环境。

This Law applies to all foods and food additives as well as containers, packagings, utensils and equipment used for food, detergents and disinfectants; it also applies to the premises, facilities and environment associated with food production or marketing.

    第五条 国家鼓励和保护社会团体和个人对食品卫生的社会监督。

Article 5 The State encourages and protects the social supervision exercised by public organizations and individuals over food hygiene.

    对违反本法的行为,任何人都有权检举和控告。

Any person shall have the right to inform the authorities and lodge a complaint about any violation of this Law.

    第六条 食品应当无毒、无害、符合应当有的营养要求,具有相应的色、香、味等感官性状。

Article 6 Food shall be nontoxic and harmless, conform to proper nutritive requirements and have appropriate sensory properties such as colour, fragrance and taste.

    第七条 专供婴幼儿的主、辅食品,必须符合国务院卫生行政部门制定的营养、卫生标准。

Article 7 Principal and supplementary foods intended specially for infants and preschool children shall conform to the nutritive and hygienic standards promulgated by the administrative department of public health under the State Council.

第八条  食品生产经营过程必须符合下列卫生要求

Article 8 In the process of food production or marketing, the requirements for hygiene stated below shall be conformed to:

    (一)保持内外环境整洁,采取消除苍蝇、老鼠、蟑螂和其他有害昆虫及其孳生条件的措施,与有毒、有害场所保持规定的距离;

(1) The environment inside and outside any food production or marketing establishment shall be kept clean and tidy; measures shall be taken to eliminate flies, rodents, cockroaches and other harmful insects and to remove conditions for their propagation; and a prescribed distance shall be kept from any toxic or harmful site;

    (二)食品生产经营企业应当有与产品品种、数量相适应的食品原料处理、加工、包装、贮存等厂房或者场所;

(2) An enterprise engaged in food production or marketing shall have workshops or other premises for the preparation of raw materials and for processing, packing and storage that are commensurate with the varieties and quantities of the products handled;

    (三)应当有相应的消毒、更衣、盥洗、采光、照明、通风防腐、防尘、防蝇、防鼠、洗涤、污水排放、存放垃圾和废弃物的设施;

(3) Appropriate facilities shall be made available for disinfection, changing clothes, toilet, natural and artificial light, ventilation, prevention of spoilage, protection against dust, elimination of flies and rodents, washing of equipment, sewage discharge and the containment of garbage and other wastes;

    (四)设备布局和工艺流程应当合理。防止待加工食品与直接人口食品、原料与成品交叉污染,食品不得接触有毒物、不洁物;

(4) The layout of installations and the application of technological processes shall be rational in order to prevent contamination between foods to be processed and ready-to-eat foods, and between raw materials and finished products; food must not be placed in contact with any toxic substance or filth;

    (五)餐具、饮具和盛放直接入口食品的容器,使用前必须洗净,消毒,饮具用后必须洗净,保持清洁;

(5) Tableware, kitchenware and containers for ready-to-eat foods must be cleaned and disinfected prior to use; cooking utensils and other utensils must be washed after use and kept clean;

    (六)贮存、运输和装卸食品的容器包装、工具、设备和条件必须安全、无害、保持清洁,防止食品污染;

(6) Any containers, packagings, utensils and equipment used for the storage, transportation, loading and unloading of food as well as the conditions under which these operations are carried out must be safe, harmless and kept clean in order to prevent food contamination;

    (七)直接入口的食品应当有小包装或者使用无毒、清洁的包装材料;

(7) Ready-to-eat foods shall be kept in small packets or in nontoxic, clean packaging materials;

    (八)食品生产经营人员应当经常保持个人卫生,生产、销售食品时,必须将手洗净,穿戴清洁的工作衣、帽;销售直接入口食品时,必须使用售货工具;

(8) All persons involved in food production or marketing shall maintain a constant standard of personal hygiene, taking care to wash their hands thoroughly and wear clean work clothes and headgear while preparing or selling food; also, proper utensils must be used when selling ready-to- eat foods;

    (九)用水必须符合国家规定的城乡生活用水卫生标准;

(9) Any water used must conform to the national hygiene standards for drinking-water in urban and rural areas;

    (十)使用的洗涤剂、消毒剂应当对人体安全、无害。

(10) The detergents and disinfectants used shall be safe and harmless to human health.

    对食品摊贩和城市集市贸易食品经营者在食品生产经营过程中的卫生要求,由省、自治区、直辖市、农民代表大会常务委员会根据本法作出具体规定。

The hygienic requirements for food production or marketing undertaken by food vendors and persons engaged in the food business in urban and rural markets shall be formulated specifically according to this Law by the standing committees of the people's congresses in the provinces, autonomous regions, or municipalities directly under the Central Government.

    第九条 禁止生产经营下列食品:

Article 9 The production and marketing of foods in the following categories shall be prohibited:

    (一)腐败变质、油脂酸败、霉变、生虫、污秽不洁、混有异物或者其他感官性状异常,可能对人体健康有害的;

(1) foods that can be injurious to human health because they are putrid or deteriorated, spoiled by rancid oil or fat, moulded, infested with insects or worms, contaminated, contain foreign matter or manifest other abnormalities in sensory properties;

    (二)含有毒、有害物质或者被有毒、有害物质污染、可能对人体健康有害的;

(2) foods that contain or are contaminated by toxic or deleterious substances and can thus be injurious to human health;

    (三)含有致病性寄生虫、微生物的,或者微生物毒素含量超过国家限定标准的;

(3) foods that contain pathogenic parasites, microorganisms or an amount of microbial toxin exceeding the tolerance prescribed by the State;

    (四)未经兽医卫生检验或者检验不合格的肉类及其制品;

(4) meat and meat products that have not been inspected by the veterinary health service or have failed to pass such inspection;

    (五)病死、毒死或者死因不明的禽、畜、兽、水产动物等及其制品;

(5) poultry, livestock, game and aquatic animals that have died from disease, poisoning or some unknown cause, as well as products made from them;

    (六)容器包装污秽不洁、严重破损或者运输工具不洁造成污染的;

(6) foods contaminated by use of filthy or seriously damaged containers or packages, or filthy means of conveyance;

    (七)掺假、掺杂、伪造,影响营养卫生的;

(7) foods that impair nutrition or health because they are adulterated or misbranded;

    (八)用非食品原料加工的,加入非食品用化学物质的或者将非食品当作食品的;

(8) foods processed with non-food raw materials; foods mixed with non- food chemical substances, or non-food stuffs used as food;

    (九)超过保质期限的;

(9) foods that has expired the date for guaranteed quality;

    (十 )为防病等特殊需要,国务院卫生行政部门或者省、自治区、直辖市人民政府专门规定禁止出售的;

(10) foods of which the sale has been specifically prohibited, for the prevention of diseases or other special reasons, by the administrative department of public health under the State Council or by the people's governments of the provinces, autonomous regions, or municipalities directly under the Central Government;

    (十一)含有未经国务院卫生行政部门批准使用的添加剂的或者农药残留超过国家规定容许量的;

(11) foods that contain additives not approved for use by the administrative department of public health under the State Council or residues of pesticides exceeding the tolerance prescribed by the State; and

    (十二)其他不符合食品卫生标准和卫生要求的;

(12) other foods that do not conform to the standards and requirements for food hygiene.

    第十条 食品不得加入药物,但是按照传统既是食品又是药品的以及作为原料、调料或者营养强化剂加入的除外。

Article 10 Food must not contain medicinal substances, with the exception of those materials that have traditionally served as both food and medicaments and are used as raw materials, condiments or nutrition fortifiers.

    第三章 食品添加剂的卫生

CHAPTER III HYGIENE OF FOOD ADDITIVES

    第十一条 生产经营和使用食品添加剂、必须符合食品添加剂使用卫生标准和卫生管理办法的规定;不符合卫生标准和卫生管理办法的食品添加剂,不得经营、使用。

Article 11 The production, marketing and use of food additives must conform to the hygiene standards for use of food additives and the hygiene control regulations; the food additives that do not conform to the hygiene standards and the hygiene control regulations may not be marketed and used.

    第四章 食品容器、包装材料和食品用工具、设备的卫生

CHAPTER IV HYGIENE OF CONTAINERS, PACKAGINGS, UTENSILS AND EQUIPMENT

    第十二条 食品容器、包装材料和食品用工具、设备必须符合卫生卫生标准和管理办法的规定。

Article 12 Containers, packagings, utensils and equipment used for food must conform to the hygiene standards and the hygiene control regulations.

    第十三条食品容器、包装材料和食品用工具、设备的生产必须采用符合卫生要求的原材料。产品应当便于清洗和消毒。

Article 13 The raw materials for making containers, packagings, utensils and equipment used for food must meet hygiene requirements. The finished products should be easy to clean and disinfect.

    第五章 食品卫生标准和管理办法的制定

CHAPTER V FORMULATION OF FOOD HYGIENE STANDARDS AND MEASURES FOR FOOD

    第十四条 食品,食品添加剂,食品容器,包装材料,食品用工具、设备,用于清洗食品和食品用工具、设备的洗涤剂、消毒剂以及食品中污染物质、放射性物质容许量的国家卫生标准、卫生管理办法和检验规程,由国务院卫生行政部门制定或者批准颁发。

Article 14 The administrative department of public health under the State Council shall formulate or approve and promulgate the national hygiene standards, hygiene control regulations and inspection procedures for food, food additives, the containers, packagings, utensils and equipment used for food, the detergents and disinfectants used for washing food or utensils and equipment used for food, and the tolerances for contaminants and radioactive substances in food.

    第十五条 国家未制定卫生标准的食品,省、自治区、直辖市人民政府可以制定地方卫生标准,报国务院卫生行政部门和国务院标准化行政主管部门备案。

Article 15 If the State has not formulated hygiene standards for a certain food, the people's governments of the provinces, autonomous regions, or municipalities directly under the Central Government may establish local hygiene standards for that food and report them to the administrative department of public health under the State Council and the competent standardization administration department under the State Council for the record.

    第十六条 食品添加剂的国家产品质量标准中有卫生学意义的指标,必须经国务院卫生行政部门审查同意。

Article 16 Norms of significance to the science of health to be included in the national quality standards for food additives must be examined and approved by the administrative department of public health under the State Council.

    农药、化肥等农用化学物质的安全性评价,必须经国务院卫生行政部门审查同意。

Appraisals on the safety for use of agricultural chemicals, such as pesticides and chemical fertilizers, shall be examined and approved by the administrative department of public health under the State Council.

    屠宰畜、禽的兽医卫生检验规程,由国务院有关行政部门会同国务院卫生行政部门制定。

Veterinary hygiene inspection procedures for slaughtered livestock and poultry shall be formulated jointly by the relevant administrative departments under the State Council and the administrative department of public health under the State Council.

    第十七条 各级人民政府的食品生产经营管理部门应当加强食品卫生管理工作,并对执行本法情况进行检查。

Article 17 The departments in charge of control of food production or marketing of the people's governments at various levels shall strengthen control of food hygiene and oversee the implementation of this Law.

    各级人民政府应当鼓励和支持改进食品加工工艺,促进提高食品卫生质量。

The people's governments at various levels shall encourage and support efforts to improve food processing technology so as to promote the improvement of hygienic quality of food.

    第十八条 食品生产经营企业应当健全本单位的食品卫生管理制度,配备专职或者兼职食品卫生管理人员,加强对所生产经营食品的检验工作。

Article 18 Enterprises engaged in food production or marketing shall improve their own system for food hygiene control, appoint full-time or part-time workers to control food hygiene and strengthen inspection of the foods they produce or market.

    第十九条 食品生产经营企业的新建、扩建、改建工程的选址和设计应当符合卫生要求。其设计审查和工程验收必须有卫生行政部门参加。

Article 19 The selection of sites and the designs for construction, extension or renovation projects of enterprises engaged in food production or marketing shall meet hygiene requirements, and the administrative department of public health must participate in the examination of those designs and in the inspection and acceptance of finished projects.

    第二十条 利用新资源生产的食品、食品添加剂的新品种,生产经营企在造投入生产前,必须提出该产品卫生评价和营养评价所需的资料,利用新的原材料生产的食品容器、包装材料和食品用工具、设备的新品种,生产经营企业在投入生产前,必须提出该产品卫生评价所需的资料。上述新品种在投入生产前还需提供样品,并按照规定的食品卫生标准审批程序报请审批。

Article 20 Before starting production of new varieties of food or food additives with new resources, the enterprises engaged in their production or marketing must submit the data required for evaluation of the hygiene and nutrition of such products; before starting production of new varieties of containers, packagings, utensils or equipment used for foods, with new raw or processed materials, the enterprises engaged in their production or marketing must submit the data required for evaluation of the hygiene of such products. Before the new varieties mentioned above are put into production, it shall also be necessary to provide samples of the varieties and the matter shall be reported for examination and approval in accordance with the specified procedures for examining and approving food hygiene standards.

    第二十一条 定型包装食品和食品添加剂,必须在包装标识或者产品说明书上根据不同产品分别按规定标出品名、产地、厂名、生产日期、批号或者代号、规格、配方或者主要成分、保存期限、食用或者使用方法等。食品、食品添加剂的产品说明书,不得有夸大或者虚假的宣传内容。

Article 21 Any standardized packaged food or food additive must, according to the requirements for different products, have the name of the product, the place of manufacture, the name of the factory, the date of manufacture, the batch number (or code number), the specifications, the formula or principal ingredients, the date of expiration for guaranteed quality, the method of consumption or use, and other such information indicated in the label of the package or the product description. The product description for any food or food additive shall not contain exaggerated or false advertising.

    食品包装标识必须清楚,容易辨识。在国内市场销售的食品,必须有中文标识。

The label of the food package must be clearly printed and easy to read. Foods sold on domestic markets must have labels in the Chinese language.

    第二十二条 表明具有特定保健功能的食品,其产品及说明书必须报国务院卫生行政部门审查批准,其卫生标准和生产经营管理办法,由国务院卫生行政部门制定。

Article 22 With regard to the food indicated to have specific health functions, the products and its description must be submitted to the administrative department of public health under the State Council for examination and approval; its hygiene standards and the measures for control of its production and marketing shall be formulated by the administrative department of public health under the State Council.

    第二十三条 表明具有特定保健功能的食品,不得有害于人体健康,其产品说明书内容必须真实,该产品的功能和成份必须与说明书一致,不得有虚报。

Article 23 The food indicated to have specific health functions may not be harmful for human health; the content of the product description shall be true, and the functions and ingredients of the product shall be identical with the information given in the product description and there shall be no false information.

    第二十四条 食品、食品添加剂和专用于食品的容器、包装材料及其他用具,其生产者必须按照卫生标准和卫生管理办法实施检验合格后,方可出厂或者销售。

Article 24 Food, food additives and containers, packagings and other utensils used specially for food may be dispatched from factory or sold only after their producers have carried out inspection and found them to be up to the standards according to the hygiene standards and the hygiene control regulations.

    第二十五条 食品生产经营者采购食品及其原料,应当按照国家有关规定索取检验合格证或者化验单,销售者应当保证提供。需要索证的范围和种类由省、自治区、直辖市人民政府卫生行政部门规定。

Article 25 Whenever producers or marketers of food procure supplies, they shall, in accordance with the relevant State regulations, request inspection certificates or laboratory test reports and the supplier must provide these. The scopes and types of food that requires certificates shall be specified by the administrative department of public health of the people's governments of the provinces, autonomous regions, or municipalities directly under the Central Government.

    第二十六条 食品生产经营人员每年必须进行健康检查;新参加工作和临时参加工作的食品工作经营人员必须进行健康检查,取得健康证明后方可参加工作。

Article 26 All persons engaged in food production or marketing must undergo an annual medical examination; persons newly employed or serving temporarily in this field must also undergo a medical examination and may not start work until they have obtained health certificates.

    凡患有痢疾、伤寒、病毒性肝炎等消化道传染病(包括病原携带者),活动性肺结核,化脓性或者渗出性皮肤病以及其他有碍食品卫生的疾病的,不得参加接触直接入口食品的工作。

No persons suffering from dysentery, typhoid, viral hepatitis or other infectious diseases of the digestive tract (including pathogen carriers), active tuberculosis, suppurative or exudative dermatosis or any other disease incompatible with food hygiene, may be engaged in any work involving contact with ready-to-eat foods.

    第二十七条 食品生产经营企业和食品摊贩,必须先取得卫生行政部门发放的卫生许可证方可向工商行政管理部门申请登记。未取得卫生许可证的,不得从事食品生产经营活动。

Article 27 Enterprises engaged in food production or marketing as well as food vendors must obtain a hygiene licence issued by the administrative department of public health before they shall be permitted to apply for registration with the administrative departments of industry and commerce. No person who has not obtained a hygiene licence may engage in food production or marketing.

    食品生产经营者不得伪造、涂改、出借卫生许可证。

Food producers or marketers may not forge, alter or lend the hygiene licence.

    卫生许可证的发放管理办法有省、自治区、直辖市人民政府卫生行政部门制定。

The measures for the issuance and control of hygiene licences shall be worked out by the administrative departments of public health of the people's governments of the provinces, autonomous regions, or municipalities directly under the Central Government.

    第二十八条 各类食品市场的举办者应当负责市场内的食品卫生管理工作,并在市场内设置必要的公关卫生设施,保持良好的环境卫生状况。

Article 28 Persons who run a food market of any type shall be responsible for the food hygiene control of the market, set up necessary public sanitary facilities in the market and maintain a good sanitary environment.

    第二十九条 城乡集市贸易的食品卫生管理工作由工商行政管理部门负责,食品卫生监督检验工作由卫生行政部门负责。

Article 29 The administrative departments of industry and commerce shall be responsible for the control of food hygiene on urban and rural markets; the administrative departments of public health shall be responsible for the supervision and inspection of food hygiene.

    第三十条 进口的食品、食品添加剂,食品容器、包装材料和食品用工具及设备,必须符合国家卫生标准和卫生管理办法的规定。

Article 30 Imported foods, food additives and containers, packagings, utensils and equipment used for food must comply with the national hygiene standards and the hygiene control regulations.

    进口前款所列产品,由口岸进口食品卫生监督检验机构进行卫生监督、检验、检验合格的,方准进口,海关凭检验合格证书放行。

The above-mentioned imports shall be subject to hygiene supervision and inspection by the frontier agencies for hygiene supervision and inspection of imported food. Only those proved to be up to the standards through inspection shall be allowed to enter the territory. The Customs authorities shall grant clearance of goods on the strength of the inspection certificate.

    进口单位在申报检验市,应当提供输出国(地区)所使用的农药、添加剂、熏蒸剂等有关资料和检验报告。

When declaring such products for inspection, the importer shall submit the relevant data and inspection reports on the pesticides, additives, fumigants and other such substances used by the exporting country (region).

    进口第一款所列产品,依照国家卫生卫生标准进行检验,尚无国家卫生标准的,进口单位必须提供输出国(地区)卫生部门或者组织出具的卫生评价资料,经口岸进口食品卫生监督机构审查检验并保国务院卫生行政部门批准。

The imports mentioned in the first paragraph shall be subject to inspection in accordance with the national hygiene standards. In the absence of the national hygiene standards for such imports, the importer must provide the hygiene evaluation data prepared by the health authorities or organization of the exporting country (region) to the frontier agencies for hygiene supervision and inspection of imported food for examination and inspection and such data shall also be reported to the administrative department of public health under the State Council for approval.

    第三十一条 出口食品由国家进出口商品检验部门进行卫生监督检验。

Article 31 Foods for export shall be subject to hygiene supervision and inspection by the national inspection agency for import and export commodities.

    海关凭国家进出口商品检验部门出具的证书发行。

The Customs authorities shall grant clearance of export commodities on the basis of the certificates issued by the national inspection agency for import and export commodities.

    第七章 食品卫生监督

CHAPTER VII FOOD HYGIENE SUPERVISION

    第三十二条 县级以上地方人民政府卫生行政部门在管辖范围内行使食品卫生监督职责。

Article 32 The administrative departments of public health of the local people's governments at or above the county level shall exercise their functions and duties for food hygiene supervision within the scope of their jurisdiction.

    铁道、交通行政主管部门设立的食品卫生监督机构,行使国务院卫生行政部门会同国务院有关部门规定的食品卫生监督职责。

The agencies for food hygiene supervision set up by the administrative departments of railways and communications shall exercise their functions and duties for food hygiene supervision jointly prescribed by the administrative departments of public health under the State Council and other relevant departments under the State Council.

    第三十三条 食品卫生监督职责是:

Article 33 The duties for food hygiene supervision shall be as follows:

    (一)进行食品卫生监测、检验和技术指导;

(1) to provide monitoring, inspection and technical guidance for food hygiene;

    (二)协助培训食品生产经营人员,,监督食品生产经营人员的健康检查;

(2) to contribute to the training of personnel for food production and marketing and to supervise the medical examination of such personnel;

    (三)宣传食品卫生、营养知识、进行食品卫生评价,公布食品卫生情况;

(3) to disseminate knowledge of food hygiene and nutrition, provide appraisals of food hygiene and publicize the existing situation in food hygiene;

    (四)对食品生产经营企业的新建、扩建、改建工程的选址和设计进行卫生审查,并参加工程验收;

(4) to conduct hygiene inspection of sites selected or designs made for construction, extension or renovation projects of enterprises engaged in food production or marketing and participate in the inspection and acceptance of finished projects;

    (五)对食物中毒和食品污染事故进行调查,并采取控制措施;

(5) to undertake investigation of accidents involving food poisoning or food contamination and take measures of control;

    (六)对违反本法的行为进行巡回监督检查;

(6) to make supervision and inspection rounds to see whether any act is committed against this Law;

    (七)对违反本法的行为追查责任,依法进行行政处罚。

(7) to pursue investigation of the responsibility of persons who violate this Law and impose administrative punishment on them according to law; and

    (八)负责其他食品卫生监督事项。

(8) to take charge of other matters that concern food hygiene supervision.

    第三十四条 县级以上人民政府卫生行政部门设立卫生监督员。食品卫生监督员由合格的专业人员担任,由同级卫生行政部门发给证书。

Article 34 The administrative departments of public health of the people's governments at or above the county level shall be manned with food hygiene supervisors. Such supervisors shall be qualified professionals and issued with such certificates by the administrative departments of public health at the corresponding levels.

    铁道、交通的食品卫生监督员,由其上级主管部门发给证书。

The food hygiene supervisors appointed by departments in charge of railways and communications agencies shall be issued with the certificates by the competent authorities at a higher level.

    第三十五条 食品卫生监督员执行卫生行政部门交付的任务。

Article 35 Food hygiene supervisors shall carry out the tasks assigned to them by the administrative department of public health.

    食品卫生监督员必须秉公执法,忠于职守,不得利用职权谋取私利。

Food hygiene supervisors shall enforce laws impartially, be loyal to their duties and may not seek personal gain by taking advantage of their office.

    食品卫生监督员在执行任务时,可以向食品生产经营者了解情况,索取必要的资料,进入生产经营场所检查,按照规定无偿采样。生产经营者不得拒绝或者隐瞒。

While carrying out their tasks, food hygiene supervisors may obtain information from the food producers or marketers, request necessary data, enter production or marketing premises to inspect them, and get free samples in accordance with regulations. The producers or marketers may not turn down such requests or hold back any information.

    食品卫生监督员对生产经营者提供的技术资料负有保密的义务。

Food hygiene supervisors shall be obliged to keep confidential any technical data provided by the producers or marketers.

    第三十六条 国务院和省、自治区、直辖市人民政府的卫生行政部门,根据需要可以确定具备条件的单位作为食品卫生检验单位,进行食品卫生检验并出具检疫报告。

Article 36 The administrative department of public health under the State Council and those of the people's governments of the provinces, autonomous regions, or municipalities directly under the Central Government may, if the need arises, assign qualified units as units for food hygiene inspection; these units shall undertake food hygiene inspection and provide inspection reports.

    第三十七条 县级以上地方人民政府卫生行政部门对已造成食物中毒事故或者有证据证明可能导致食物中毒事故的,可以对食品生产经营者采取下列临时控制措施:

Article 37 The administrative department of public health of the local people's governments at or above the county level may adopt the following temporary measures of control over the food producer or marketer when a food poisoning accident has occurred or when there is evidence of a potential food poisoning accident:

    (一)封存造成食物中毒或者可能导致食物中毒的食品及其原料;

(1) to seal up the food and its raw materials that have caused food poisoning or that are likely to cause food poisoning;

    (二)封存被污染的食品用工具及用具,并责令进行清洗消毒。

(2) to seal up the contaminated utensils used for food and order the food producer or marketer to have them cleaned and disinfected.

    经检验,属于被污染的食品,予以销毁;未被污染的食品,予以解封。

The food that is found to be contaminated after inspection shall be destroyed, while the food that is found not contaminated shall be unsealed.

    第三十八条 发生食物中毒的单位和接收病人进行治疗的单位,除采取抢救措施外,应当根据国家有关规定,及时向所在地卫生行政部门报告。

Article 38 The units where food poisoning accidents have occurred and the units that have admitted the victims for medical treatment shall, in addition to taking rescue measures, submit prompt reports to the local administrative departments of public health in accordance with relevant State regulations.

    县级以上地方人民政府卫生行政部门接到报告后,应当及时进行调查处理,并采取控制措施。

The administrative department of public health of a local people's government at or above the county level shall, upon receipt of such report, conduct prompt investigation and handle the matter and adopt control measures.

    第八章 法律责任

CHAPTER VIII LEGAL RESPONSIBILITY

    第三十九条 违反本法规定,生产经营不符合卫生标准的食品,造成食物中毒事故或者其他食源性疾患的,责令停止生产经营、销毁导致食物中毒或者其他食源性疾患的食品,没收违法所得,并处以违法所得一倍以上五倍以下的罚款;没有违法所得的,处以一千元以上五万元以下的罚款。

Article 39 Whoever, in violation of this Law, produces or markets food which is not up to the hygiene standards, thus causing an accident of food poisoning or resulting in a disease caused by food-borne bacteria, shall be ordered to stop such production or marketing; the food causing such food poisoning or disease shall be destroyed; the illegal gains shall be confiscated and a penalty of not less than one time and not more than five times the illegal gains shall concurrently be imposed; if there are no illegal gains, a penalty of not less than 1,000 yuan and not more than 50,000 yuan shall be imposed.

    违反本法规定,生产经营不符合卫生标准和食品,造成严重食物中毒事故或者其他严重食源性疾患,对人体健康造成严重危害的,或者在生产经营的食品中掺入有毒、有害的非食品原料的,依法追究刑事责任。

Whoever, in violation of this Law, produces or markets food which is not up to the hygiene standards, thus causing a serious accident of food poisoning or resulting in a disease caused by food-borne bacteria, and seriously harming human health, or adulterates food he produces or markets with toxic or harmful non-food raw materials, shall be investigated for criminal responsibility according to law.

    有本条所列行为之一的吊销卫生许可证。

If a person commits any of the acts mentioned in this Article, his hygiene licence shall be revoked.

    第四十条 违反本法规定,未取得卫生许可证或者伪造卫生许可证从事食品生产经营活动的,予以取缔,没收违法所得,并处以违法所得一倍以上五倍以下的罚款;没有违法所得的,处以五佰元以上三万元以下的罚款。涂改,出借卫生许可证的,收缴卫生许可证,没收违法所得,并处以违法所得一倍以上三倍以下的罚款;没有违法所得的,处以五佰元以上一万元以下的罚款。

Article 40 If anyone, in violation of this Law, engages in food production or marketing without obtaining a hygiene licence or with a forged hygiene licence, such production or marketing shall be banned; the illegal gains shall be confiscated and a penalty of not less than one time and not more than five times the illegal income shall concurrently be imposed; if there are no illegal gains, a penalty of not less than 500 yuan and not more than 30,000 yuan shall be imposed. If anyone alters or lends his hygiene licence, his hygiene licence and the illegal gains shall be confiscated; and a penalty of not less than one time and not more than three times the illegal gains shall concurrently be imposed; if there are no illegal gains, a penalty of not less than 500 yuan and not more than 10,000 yuan shall be imposed.

    第四十一条 违反本法规定,食品生产经营过程不符合卫生要求的,责令改正,给予警告,可以处以五千元以下的罚款;拒不改正或者其有他严重情节的,吊销卫生许可证。

Article 41 If, in violation of this Law, any food producer or marketer does not comply with the hygiene requirements, he shall be ordered to set it right and given a disciplinary warning, and a penalty of not more then 5,000 yuan may be imposed; if he refuses to set it right or other serious circumstances are involved, his hygiene licence shall be revoked.

    第四十二条 违反本法规定,生产经营禁止生产经营的食品的,责令停止生产经营,立即公告收回已售出的食品,并销毁该食品,没收违法所得,并处以违法所得一倍以上五倍以下的罚款;没有违法所得的,处以一千元以上五万元以下的罚款。情节严重的,吊销卫生许可证。

Article 42 If anyone, in violation of this Law, produces or markets food the production and marketing of which is prohibited, he shall be ordered to stop producing or marketing such food, a public announcement shall be made immediately to recall the sold food and the food shall be destroyed; the illegal gains shall be confiscated and a penalty of not less than one time and not more than five times the illegal gains shall concurrently be imposed; if there are no illegal gains, a penalty of not less than 1,000 yuan and not more than 50,000 yuan shall be imposed; if the offence is serious, the offender's hygiene licence shall be revoked.

    第四十三条 违反本法规定,生产经营不符合营养、卫生标准的专供婴幼儿的主、辅食品的,责令停止生产经营,立即公告收回已售出的食品,并销毁该食品,没收违法所得,并处以违法所得一倍以上五倍以下的罚款;没有违法所得的,处以一千元以上五万元以下的罚款。情节严重的,吊销卫生许可证。

Article 43 If anyone, in violation of this Law, produces or markets the principal and supplementary foods intended specially for infants and preschool children which do not conform to the nutritive and hygiene standards, he shall be ordered to stop producing and marketing such foods, a public announcement shall be made immediately to recall the sold foods and the foods shall be destroyed; the illegal gains shall be confiscated and a penalty of not less than one time and not more than five times the illegal gains shall concurrently be imposed; if there are no illegal gains, a penalty of not less than 1,000 yuan and not more than 50,000 yuan shall be imposed; if the offence is serious, the offender's hygiene licence shall be revoked.

    第四十四条 违反本法规定,生产经营或者使用不符合卫生标准和卫生管理办法规定的食品添加剂、食品容器、包装材料和食品用工具、设备以及洗涤剂、消毒剂的,责令停止生产或者使用,没收违法所得,并处以违法所得一倍以上三倍以下的罚款;没有违法所得的,处以五千元以下的罚款。

Article 44 If anyone, in violation of this Law, produces, markets or uses the food additives, food containers, packagings, utensils and equipment used for food as well as the detergents and disinfectants which do not conform to the hygiene standards and the hygiene control regulations, he shall be ordered to stop producing and using them; the illegal gains shall be confiscated and a penalty of not less than one time and not more than three times the illegal gains shall concurrently be imposed; if there are no illegal gains, a penalty of not more than 5,000 yuan shall be imposed.

    第四十五条 违反本法规定,未经国务院卫生行政部门审查批准而生产经营表明具有特定保健功能的食品的,或者该食品的产品说明书内容虚假的,责令停止生产经营,没收违法所得,并处以违法所得一倍以上五倍以下的罚款;没有违法所得的,处以一千元以上五万元以下的罚款。情节严重的吊销卫生许可证。

Article 45 If anyone, in violation of this Law, produces or markets the food indicated to have specific health functions without examination and approval by the administrative department of public health under the State Council, or if the product description of such food provides false information, he shall be ordered to stop producing or marketing such food, the illegal gains shall be confiscated and a penalty of not less than one time and not more than five times the illegal gains shall concurrently be imposed; if there are no illegal gains, a penalty of not less than 1,000 yuan and not more than 50,000 yuan shall be imposed; if the offence is serious, the offender's hygiene licence shall be revoked.

    第四十六条 违反本法规定,定型包装食品和食品添加剂的包装标识或者产品说明书上不表明或者虚假标注生产日期、保质期限等规定事项的,或者违反规定不标注中文标识的,责令改正,可以处以五佰元以上一万元以下的罚款。

Article 46 If anyone, in violation of this Law, does not indicate or falsely indicates specified matters such as the date of manufacture and the date of expiration for guaranteed quality in the labels of packages of the standardized packaged food or food additives or in the product descriptions, or in violation of the regulations, does not have labels in the Chinese language, he shall be ordered to set it right and a penalty of not less than 500 yuan and not more than 10,000 yuan may concurrently be imposed.

    第四十七条 违反本法规定,食品生产经营人员未取得健康证明而从事食品生产经营的或者对患有疾病不得接触入口食品的生产经营人员,不按规定调离的,责令改正,可以处以五千元以下的罚款。

Article 47 If a food producer or marketer, in violation of this Law, engages in food production or marketing without obtaining a health certificate, or if the producers or marketers who suffer from diseases and may not contact with ready-to-eat foods are not transferred to other posts according to relevant regulations, they shall be ordered to set it right and a penalty of not more than 5,000 yuan may be imposed.

    第四十八条 违反本法规定,造成食物中毒事故或者其他食源性疾患的,或者因其他违反本法行为给他人造成损害的,应当依法承担民事赔偿责任。

Article 48 If anyone, in violation of this Law, causes an accident of food poisoning or a disease engendered by food-borne bacteria or causes harm to another person by other acts against this Law, he shall bear the civil liability for compensation according to law.

    第四十九条 本法规定的行政处罚由县级以上地方人民政府卫生行政部门决定。

Article 49 The administrative punishment provided in this Law shall be decided by the administrative department of public health of a local people's government at or above the county level.

    本法规定的行使食品卫生监督权的其他机关,在规定的职责范围内,依照办法的规定作出行政处罚决定。

 Other authorities exercising the power of food hygiene supervision as provided by this Law shall, within the stipulated scope of functions and duties, make decisions on administrative punishment in accordance with the provisions of this Law.

    第五十条 当事人对行政处罚决定不服的,可以在接到处罚通知之日起十五日内向作出处罚决定的机关的上一级机关申请复议;当事人也可以在接到处罚通知之日起十五日内直接向人民法院起诉。

Article 50 If a party is not satisfied with the decision on administrative punishment, he may, within 15 days from receipt of the notice of punishment, apply for reconsideration to the organ at the next higher level over the one that has made the decision. The party may also directly bring a suit in a People's Court within 15 days from receipt of the said notice.

    复议机关应当在接到复议申请之日起十五日内作出复议决定。当事人对复议决定不服的,可以在接到复议决定之日起十五日内向人民法院起诉。

The reconsideration organ shall, within 15 days from receipt of the application for reconsideration, make a reconsideration decision. If the party concerned is not satisfied with the reconsideration decision, he may, within 15 days from receipt of the reconsideration decision, bring a suit in a People's Court.

    当事人逾期不申请复议也不向人民法院起诉,又不履行处罚决定的,作出处罚决定的机关可以申请人民法院强制执行。

If a party neither applies for reconsideration, nor brings a suit in a People's Court within the time limit, nor execute the decision on administrative punishment, the organ that has made the decision may apply to a People's Court for compulsory execution.

    第五十一条 卫生行政部门违反本法规定,对不符合条件的生产经营者发放卫生许可证的,对直接责任人员给予行政处分;收受贿赂,构成犯罪的,依法追究刑事责任。

Article 51 If an administrative department of public health, in violation of this Law, issues hygiene licences to producers or marketers not meeting the requirements, the persons who are directly responsible for the offence shall be given administrative sanctions; those who accept bribes, if the cases constitutes a crime, shall be investigated for criminal responsibility in accordance with law.

    第五十二条 食品卫生监督管理人员,滥用职权、玩忽职守、营私舞弊、造成重大事故,构成犯罪的,依法追究刑事责任,不构成犯罪的,依法给予行政处分。

Article 52 Food hygiene supervisors and administrators who by abusing their power, neglecting their duties or engaging in malpractice for personal gain, cause a major accident, which constitutes a crime, shall be investigated for criminal responsibility in accordance with law; if the offence does not constitute a crime, the offender shall be given administrative sanctions according to law.

    第五十三条 以暴力、威胁方法阻碍食品卫生监督管理人员依法执行职务的,依法追究刑事责任 ;拒绝、阻碍食品卫生监督管理人员依法执行职务未使用暴力、威胁方法的,由公安机关依照治安管理处罚条例的规定处罚。

Article 53 Whoever prevents, by force or intimidation, food hygiene supervisors or administrators from performing their duties according to law shall be investigated for criminal responsibility in accordance with law; whoever prevents or obstructs, without resorting to force or intimidation, food hygiene supervisors or administrators from performing their duties according to law shall be punished by the public security organs in accordance with the Regulations on Administrative Penalties for Public Security.

    第九章 附则

CHAPTER IX SUPPLEMENTARY PROVISIONS

    第五十四条 本法下列用语的含义:

Article 54 For the purpose of this Law, the definitions of the following terms are:

    食品:指各种供人食用或者饮用的成品和原料以及按照传统既是食品又是药品的物品,但是不包括以治疗为目的的物品。

"Food" means any finished product or raw materials provided for people to eat or drink, as well as any product that has traditionally served as both food and medicament, with the exception of products used solely for medical purposes.

    食品添加剂:指为改善食品品质和色、香、味、,以及为防腐和加工工艺的需要而加入食品中的化学合成或者天然物质。

"Food additive" means any synthetic compound or natural substance put into food to improve its quality, colour, fragrance or taste, or for the sake of preservation or processing.

    营养强化剂:指为增强营养成分而加入食品中的天然的或者人工合成的属于天然营养素范围的食品添加剂。

"Food fortifier" means any natural or artificial food additive belonging to the category of natural nutrients that is put into food to increase its nutritive value.

    食品容器、包装材料:指包装、盛放食品用的纸、竹、木、金属、陶瓷、搪料、橡胶、天然纤维、化学纤维、玻璃等制品和接触食品的涂料。

"Containers and packagings used for food" means products of various materials including paper, bamboo, wood, metal, enamelware, ceramics, plastics, rubber, natural fibres, synthetic fibres and glass that are used to wrap or contain food, as well as paints or coatings that come in direct contact with food.

    食品用工具、设备:指食品在生产经营过程中接触食品的机械、管道、传送带、容器、用具、餐具等。

"Utensils and equipment used for food" means apparatus including machinery, piping, conveyor belts, containers, utensils and tableware that come in direct contact with food in the course of food production or marketing.

    食品生产经营:指从事一切食品的生产(不包括种植业养殖业)、采集 、收购、加工、贮存、运输、陈列、供应、销售等活动。

"Food production or marketing" means all operations in the production of food (other than planting and breeding) and activities such as the gathering, purchase, processing, storage, transport, display, supply and sale of food.

    食品生产经营者:指一切从事食品生产经营的单位或者个人,包括职工食堂、食品摊贩等。

"Producers or marketers of food" means all units or individuals involved in food production or marketing, including workers' dining halls and food vendors.

    第五十五条 出口食品的管理办法,由国家进出口商品检验部门会同国务院卫生行政部门和有关行政部门另行制定。

Article 55 Measures for the administration of food for export shall be formulated separately by the national import and export commodities inspection department in conjunction with the administrative department of public health and other relevant administrative departments under the State Council.

    第五十六条 军队专用食品和自供食品的卫生管理办法由中央军事委员会依据本法制定。

Article 56 Hygiene control measures for food specially used or supplied for its own use by the Army shall be formulated by the Central Military Commission in accordance with this Law.

    第五十七条 本法自公布之日施行。《中华人民共和国食品卫生法(试行)》同时废止。

Article 57 This Law shall come into force as of the date of promulgation. The Food Hygiene Law of the People's Republic of China (for tial implementation) shall be unnulled on the same date.

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